A long-awaited start, Hongmeng system finally officially appeared at the 2019Huawei developer conference on August 9.
Huawei Consumer Business CEO Yu Chengdong, introduced this system as " The first micro-kernel full-distribution OS", this science-like description of the past, at first glance, is confusing, but there are hidden technologies underneath each noun.
Specifically, the "microkernel" corresponds to the existing macro and kernel operating systems of Google and Apple. The "full scene" provides a seamless and intelligent life experience for various life scenarios. "Distributed" means Open all terminals, can be deployed on mobile phones, tablets, watches and other hardware devices. The first product equipped with Hongmeng OS is the glory wisdom screen released on August 10.
When can the mobile phone use Hongmeng OS? Yu Chengdong gives a powerful answer: "Also! In a subsequent interview, he said that Hongmeng has been adapted to the mobile phone to achieve commercial level. However, because of ecological reasons, Huawei supports Google's Android ecosystem and prioritizes the use of Google's Android operating system.p style="text-indent: 2em;">Hongmeng English name means peace
2019 Huawei Developers Conference, eve The media has already speculated that the Hongmeng system will be launched at the event.The reporter of "Daily Economic News" also learned about the situation from Huawei insiders, but the person still said: "There has not been finalized yet."
The day when the answer is revealed. On August 9th, at the 2019 Huawei Developers Conference, Yu Chengdong, as the first guest to speak, made a long preparation for Hongmeng in the first 10 minutes of the speech. After a long list of business introductions, the audience’s ears finally waited. The most wanted word to hear - "OS."
"We said that today we have entered the era of Wisdom Internet Wisdom, in this era, we need a new experience and ecology. To create such an ecology, we need There is more powerful OS support." Yu Chengdong first talked about the background of the OS era. "In the past PC era, DOS, Windows, and macOS were produced along with PCs; in the past decade, the era of mobile Internet, the widespread use of smartphones, tablets OS, watch OS... a large number of intelligent terminals appear; future Internet of Everything,(Yes) A large number of multi-form IoT devices, are we developing OS for each type of hardware? This kind of work is very huge, the development workload is also very large, and the ecological coordination work is also very complicated.
Having said that, the audience can probably guess that Huawei may be working to solve this difficulty, but how to solve it? Is it solved by the upcoming Hongmeng system? For these problems, Yu Chengdong once again whipped up the appetite of the audience.
After finishing Google's Android, Apple's iOS, Even after Google’s next-generation operating system, Fuchsia, it finally returned to the theme: “How to build a future-oriented OS?
Yu Chengdong pressed the pager in his hand, and the words "HarmonyOS Hongmeng" appeared on the big screen behind it. The applause that took a while for a while finally broke out.
"Using Chinese Pinyin to express Hongmeng is too difficult to pronounce. We named Harmony and hope to bring more peace and convenience to the world." Yu Chengdong explained the system first. The origin of the English name.
Subsequently, the four characteristics of Hongmeng system are mentioned one by one: First, the distributed architecture is used for the terminal OS for the first time, achieving a seamless collaborative experience across terminals; Second, determine the delay engine and high-performance IPC technology to achieve a natural and smooth system; Third, based on the micro-kernel architecture to reshape the terminal device trusted security; Fourth, through a unified IDE to support a development, multi-end deployment, cross-terminal ecological sharing.
Where is Hongmeng system strong?
In the style of the former Huawei conference, Yu Chengdong continued to talk about the Hongmeng system in the way of science students.
Hongmeng system structure is divided into three layers: "The bottom layer is the kernel layer, above is the basic service layer, program framework." Yu Chengdong said. I believe that most readers may not understand, but it does not matter, do not need to understand what these levels are, just know: through these things, you can support different devices, including smart big screen, wear, car, audio, watches, mobile phones, PCs, etc. A variety of equipment!
The characteristics of Hongmeng system, through a system, an OS to achieve modularization, decoupling refers to mathematical methods The two types of motion are separated to deal with the problem, and the different devices can be flexibly deployed. Regardless of the hardware capability or the weak hardware capability, the system can be under a set of operating systems.
For example, Huawei will not follow Apple’s footsteps and release iOS, MacOS, iPad OS, Watch OS and other operating systems,Instead, use the Hongmeng system to cover all hardware.
The distributed architecture of Hongmeng System is the first use for terminal OS. Through the distributed soft bus of the operating system, multiple terminals under the same account can realize hardware capabilities to be called across terminals.
Yu Chengdong explained as an example: "We don't have a camera on our watch. We can use the camera of the mobile phone. We think that the camera of the PC is not good, and you can also use the mobile phone. "These device hardware is shared and interoperable in one account.
In addition to these advantages, the security of the system is also improved. Hongmeng's microkernel design can achieve formal verification due to its small kernel, which significantly improves security.
Yu Chengdong explained this by scoring: "At present, the operating system often only reaches level 2, up to level 3 and level 4. Our Hongmeng OS should be able to Reach 5+ security level,This is probably the first in the world, we will also participate in such test, we believe this is the OS with the highest level of 5 and 5+ security.
After finishing the professional science course, Yu Chengdong also talked about the content of the liberal arts - the development process of Hongmeng.
"Hongmeng OS started doing it two years ago. First, it is the core of Hongmeng. First, use TEE of various intelligent terminals such as Android. This year, the use of Hongmeng OS for more equipment, the first product is the glory smart screen product released on August 10. Next year, there will be Hongmeng 2.0 version. In the following year, there will be Hongmeng 3.0 version, which will continue to improve. The micro-kernel is perfect, the external core is perfect, the compiler is more perfect, and the development environment is perfect, which makes us more and more capable. Can be used on a variety of equipment, including watches, bracelets, car, PC, tablet..." Yu Chengdong said.
Hong Meng has been adapted to the mobile phone
So, can Hongmeng system be used on mobile phones? Yu Chengdong gave Affirmative reply: "When do you ask when? It can be used at any time, but for ecological reasons, we support Google's Android ecosystem, prefer to use Google's Android operating system, if the Android operating system is not available, we can always activate our Hongmeng.
After the meeting, Yu Chengdong also said in an interview with the media including "Daily Economic News": "Hong Meng has been adapted on the mobile phone, The degree of commercialization is reached... The loopholes in the consumer business are not on the chip. The US does not supply us. It is also OK. The vulnerability is mainly ecological. Our Hongmeng can replace the Android ecosystem, but we still want to support the Android ecosystem first. If we do not let us use it, the short-term benefits will hurt some, and the long-term interests will be even greater. ”
Speaking of the phone,Yu Chengdong believes that Sino-US trade friction has indeed had a great impact on the mobile phone business. "In the Sino-US trade friction, we achieved such performance in the first half of the year, thanks to the team's efforts, but if there is no trade friction, it will be the first in the world in the second quarter. In the second quarter, overseas has been growing at a high speed. After the US sanctions, sales have fallen, and now it has recovered more than 80%. This year may not be the first, and the second should be no problem." Yu Chengdong also expects that this year's mobile phone sales will be about 240 million units - without trade friction. The probability of reaching 300 million to 310 million units.
For the hottest <5>5G, Yu Chengdong said: "5G network construction takes time, base station deployment, network optimization and development are also It takes time, and Huawei's mid-to-high-end mobile phones launched in the second half of this year will fully support 5G. We expect that 5G terminals will reach a large scale this fall, and the whole industry will turn to 5G next year, including two or three thousand price phones." /p>