Espressif ESP8266EX, A Highly Integrated Chip for Wi-Fi Networking Solution

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/ 2018/6/22 14:12:53 / News

Espressif ESP8266EX provides an independent and complete solution for Wi-Fi networking, which is a highly integrated chip designed for the demands of a new connected world. It can perform to either host the application or to offload all Wi-Fi networking functions from another application processor. ESP8266EX can be used either as a standalone application or as the slave to a host MCU. When ESP8266EX hosts the application, it promptly boots up from the flash. The integrated highspeed cache helps to increase the system performance and optimize the system memory. Also, ESP8266EX can be applied to any microcontroller design as a Wi-Fi adaptor through SPI / SDIO or I2C / UART interfaces.

 

ESP8266EX has powerful on-board processing and storage capabilities that allow it to be integrated with the sensors and other application specific devices through its GPIOs with minimal development up-front and minimal loading during runtime. Its high degree of on-chip integration allows for minimal external circuitry, and the entire solution, including front-end module, is designed to occupy minimal PCB area.

ESP8266EX.jpg

 

Espressif ESP8266EX Wi-Fi SoCs (System-on-Chip) integrates a Tensilica L106 32-bit Microcontroller Unit (MCU), which features extra-low power consumption and 16-bit RSIC, reaching a maximum clock speed of 160MHz. ESP8266EX SoCs includes standard digital peripheral interfaces, antenna switches, RF balun, power amplifier, low noise receive amplifier, filters, and power management modules, all in one small package. With their highly-integrated on-chip features and minimal external discrete component count, these devices offer reliability, compactness, and robustness.

 

With the Real Time Operation System (RTOS) enabled and a functional Wi-Fi stack, about 80% of the processing power is still available for user application programming and development.

 


Features of ESP8266EX

802.11 b/g/n protocol

Wi-Fi Direct (P2P), soft-AP

Integrated TCP/IP protocol stack

Integrated TR switch, balun, LNA, power amplifier and matching network

Integrated PLL, regulators, and power management units

+20.5dBm output power in 802.11b mode

Supports antenna diversity

Power down leakage current of < 10uA

Integrated low power 32-bit MCU

SDIO 2.0, SPI, UART

STBC, 1x1 MIMO, 2x1 MIMO

A-MPDU & A-MSDU aggregation & 0.4μs guard interval

Wake up and transmit packets in < 22ms

Standby power consumption of < 1.0mW (DTIM3)

QFN32 package


 

ESP8266EX pinout & descriptions

ESP8266EX pinout.jpg

PinNameTypeFunction
1VDDAPAnalog   Power 2.5V ~ 3.6V
2LNAI/ORF   antenna interface Chip output impedance=39+j6 Ω. It is suggested to retain   the π-type matching network to match the antenna.
3VDD3P3PAmplifier   Power 2.5V ~ 3.6V
4VDD3P3PAmplifier   Power 2.5V ~ 3.6V
5VDD_RTCPNC   (1.1V)
6TOUTIADC   pin. It can be used to test the power-supply voltage of VDD3P3 (Pin3 and   Pin4) and the input power voltage of TOUT (Pin 6). However, these two   functions cannot be used simultaneously.
7CHIP_PUIChip   Enable High: On, chip works properly Low: Off, small current consumed
8XPD_DCDCI/ODeep-sleep   wakeup (need to be connected to EXT_RSTB);
    GPIO16

 


Functional descriptions of ESP8266EX

1. Wi-Fi

ESP8266EX implements TCP/IP, the full 802.11 b/g/n WLAN MAC protocol and Wi-Fi

Direct specification. It supports not only basic service set (BSS) operations under the

distributed control function (DCF) but also P2P group operation compliant with the latest

Wi-Fi P2P protocol. Low level protocol functions are handled automatically by ESP8266EX.

RTS/CTS

acknowledgement

fragmentation and defragmentation

aggregation

frame encapsulation (802.11h/RFC 1042)

automatic beacon monitoring / scanning, and

P2P Wi-Fi direct

Like P2P discovery procedure, passive or active scanning is performed autonomously once

initiated by the appropriate command. Power management is handled with minimum

interaction with host to minimize active duty period.

 

2. Memory

ESP8266EX Wi-Fi SoC integrates memory controller and memory units including SRAM

and ROM. MCU can access the memory units through iBus, dBus, and AHB interfaces. All

memory units can be accessed upon request, while a memory arbiter will decide the

running sequence according to the time when these requests are received by the

processor.

According to our current version of SDK, SRAM space available to users is assigned as

below.

 

3. CPU

The ESP8266EX integrates a Tensilica L106 32-bit RISC processor, which achieves extralow

power consumption and reaches a maximum clock speed of 160 MHz. The Real-Time

Operating System (RTOS) and Wi-Fi stack allow 80% of the processing power to be

available for user application programming and development. The CPU includes the

interfaces as below.

Programmable RAM/ROM interfaces (iBus), which can be connected with memory

controller, and can also be used to visit flash.

Data RAM interface (dBus), which can connected with memory controller.

AHB interface which can be used to visit the register.


 

ESP8266EX module works on development board

There are a variety of development board environments that can be equipped to program the ESP8266EX. You can go with a simple Notepad/gcc setup, fine-tune an Eclipse environment, or use a virtual machine provided by Espressif. If you’re just getting started, though, we recommend the comfy confines of the Arduino IDE for ESP8266EX.

 

The amazing ESP8266EX community has cooperatively created an ESP8266EX addon for the IDE. This ESP8266EX addon for Arduino is based on the amazing work by Ivan Grokhotkov and the rest of the ESP8266EX community. Check the ESP8266EX Arduino GitHub repository on Github for more information.



Applications of ESP8266EX

Home appliances

Home automation

Smart plugs and lights

Mesh network

Industrial wireless control

Baby monitors

IP cameras

Sensor networks

Wearable electronics

Wi-Fi location-aware devices

Security ID tags

Wi-Fi position system beacons

 

Tips:

Need to download the ESP8266EX datasheet pdf? Directly you can view and get it on HQEW.NET.

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