Huawei Layout Intelligent Networking Cars. The Internet is affecting people's way of thinking and interaction in an unprecedented depth and speed. As an indispensable important field in the daily life, the automobile industry has also undergone major changes in product form, technology path and development direction with the change of the Internet era.
With the continuous improvement of autonomous driving and Internet of Vehicles technology, the prospects of smart cars are becoming more and more clear, and many industry head companies are straying the automotive field. In the automotive market, Huawei is the world's leading provider of ICT (information and communication) infrastructure and intelligent terminals. It has inherent advantages in the technology and internet network required by intelligent networked vehicles, and is therefore gradually entering the car. field.
What happened to Huawei
Huawei and Dongfeng Motors The intelligent car Sharing-VAN will be unveiled at the Shanghai Auto Show in late April.Huawei has seen initial results in the layout of intelligent networked vehicles.
Sharing- VAN combines the latest technological achievements such as LTE-V/5G, driverless, new energy electric vehicles, time-sharing, and public travel services. It is an important step for Huawei in the field of intelligent networked vehicles.
Huawei mainly provides technical services such as in-vehicle communication, 5G and cloud data centers to help implement information query, traffic scheduling, vehicle management and equipment management.
As early as October 2014, Dongfeng and Huawei Automobile signed a strategic cooperation, and planned to build an emotional automatic in three steps: car, car network and smart car. Driving a smart car. The first unmanned vehicle Sharing-VAN with integrated LTE-V/5G is an important product in the strategy.The opportunity for cooperation between Huawei and Dongfeng is derived from Huawei's optimism about the future of intelligent networked vehicles and confidence in its own technology.
Huawei's layout in the automotive field
core-end- Pipe-cloud all-round layout intelligent network car. Huawei's automotive business layout can be traced back to the establishment of the "Car Networking Business Unit" in 2013, and then based on LTE-V and 5G technology, based on the focus on car networking and intelligent driving business to the entire car networking eco-industrial chain.
Huawei has the world's first V2X multimode chip Baron 5000, which also has the most advanced 5G technology and is one of the C-V2X standard sponsors.On the cloud, there is a combination of OceanConnect IoT platform + Huawei public cloud, so Huawei has become the only C-V2X car networking manufacturer in the world to provide a complete solution from core-end-tube-cloud.
See the broad prospects of intelligent networked cars from Huawei's entry
Intelligent networked vehicles have broad prospects, as evidenced by Huawei's low-key entry. Intelligent networked cars are an organic combination of car networking and smart cars. By incorporating on-board sensors, controllers and other devices, we integrate modern communication network technology to realize information exchange and sharing between vehicles, vehicles, people, vehicles and roads, and vehicles and back-offices to achieve safe, comfortable, energy-saving and efficient driving. According to BIIntelligence, by 2020, the sales volume of global connected cars will increase from 21 million in 2016 to 94 million, accounting for 82% of the market, and the market size of intelligent networked vehicles can reach 100 billion yuan.
The continuous expansion of downstream scenarios and the support of policies are driving the realization of this goal.
In the future, we will enter a new era of intelligence. The perception of everything and the interconnection of all things will be the basic characteristics of the future society. According to Huawei GIV (Global Industry Vision), with the continuous update of downstream demand scenarios, the number of global connections will reach 100 billion by 2025, and the automotive industry will also benefit from this wave of change and transform into intelligent networked vehicles. .
In December 2018, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the "Car Network (Intelligent Networked Cars) Industry Development Action Plan", clearly expressing the need to strengthen the policy on intelligent networked cars. Supporting efforts, guiding in the plan, taking 2020 as the dividing point, the development of the vehicle networking industry will leap from the demonstration application stage to the scale application stage. The intelligent networked car with high-level automatic driving function and 5G-V2X gradually realize large-scale commercial application. The “human-car-road-cloud” achieves high synergy, and the people's growing and better living needs are better met.
The growth of intelligent networked vehicles benefits from the development of both the Internet of Vehicles and smart driving, and its market will expand with the expansion of the Internet of Vehicles and smart driving market.
The Internet of Vehicles is an intelligent network car Important support. According to the definition of Huawei C-V2X white paper, the Internet of Vehicles uses a new generation of information and communication technology to realize the all-round network connection between the car, the car and the car, the car and the road, the car and the person, the car and the service platform, and improve the intelligentization of the car. Horizontal and autonomous driving capabilities to build new formats for automotive and transportation services, thereby improving traffic efficiency, improving car driving experience, and providing users with intelligent, comfortable, safe, energy-saving and efficient integrated services.
2.1.1 Evolution of the Internet of Vehicles
The first phase was in the in-vehicle information service phase from 1996 to 2015. In 1997, the prototype Telematics (vehicle information service system) of the Internet of Vehicles was born in the United States. GM launched onstar as its own car in 1995. Exclusive configuration. It is used to provide in-vehicle information services. In 2010, at the China International Internet of Things Conference held in Wuxi, the concept of car networking was proposed here.
Second The stage is from 2015 to 2025, and gradually expands from the Internet of Things to the Internet of Vehicles. It is the stage of gradually realizing the intelligent networked car. At present, the car network only realizes the interconnection between the car and the cloud, but the overall car has a low networking rate. But according to Gartner's forecast, there will be more than 250 million global connected cars at the end of 2020.
The third stage is after the 2025, which is a smart travel stage.The goal is to achieve everything in the car. As the penetration rate of the car network increases, the car and the car, the car and the person, the car and the road, the car and the X will eventually be connected, and finally realize the complete coordination of the car, the person and the road. At that time, the driver will realize complete liberation. The safety of autonomous driving will be fully guaranteed.
2.1.2 End, network, cloud three-way drive casts a vast market for car networking
The expansion of the car networking market can be from the end, the net, the cloud three Directions force.
The end refers to the intelligent sensing component of the car, which is used to collect vehicle running information, driving status and surrounding environment. At present, it is expanding from basic sensors and integrating artificial intelligence, speech recognition, and in-vehicle systems to develop intelligent vehicles. As people's demand for car safety, comfort, communication and entertainment grows,The number and quality of various sensors and vehicle terminals have also increased. The number of sensors and vehicle terminals involved in each vehicle has reached as many as 200, and this number is still growing at an average annual rate of 7.3%. The rate is growing, and the market for sensor components is huge.
Pipe refers to the core infrastructure of the Internet of Vehicles - the network. In order to realize the external communication of the vehicle, the two major technology camps of V2X (Vehicle to Everything) are DSRC and LTE-V. In order to achieve automatic driving in the future, the requirements for the network will become higher. The data generated by the smart car in one second can reach 1GB. This requires a matching network to synchronize the data to the cloud. The peak theoretical transmission speed of 5G can be Up to 10GB per second, which is 100 times faster than 4G network transmission, so only 5G can meet the needs of automatic driving for the network. LTE-V in the 5G era will evolve into NR-V2X. According to ABI&Research, the number of 5G connected cars will reach 50.3 million by 2025.The typical replacement cycle for cars is 7 to 10 years, so connected cars will grow significantly between 2025 and 2030.
Cloud refers to the massive data collection of the Internet of Vehicles and the calculation, storage, processing and sharing of data. The car networking ecosystem includes content, software, equipment providers, telecom operators, car manufacturers and users. The cloud will bring together massive amounts of data, requiring cloud computing capabilities such as virtualization and mass storage to attract more cross-border service providers to join and expand the vehicle networking landscape.
The growth of end, network and cloud has created a vast market for car networking. According to foreign media statistics, the market value of the global car networking market in 2017 is about 66.075 billion US dollars. It is estimated that by 2024, its market value will increase to 208.107 billion US dollars, and the compound annual growth rate in 2018-2024 is about 18.00%. The domestic car networking market has also developed rapidly. The car networking related projects have been included in the national key projects, and the initial investment has exceeded 10 billion. According to the statistics of the prospective research institute, the space of the car networking market can reach the scale of 10 billion in 5-10 years. . According to the 2020 China car ownership is about 2.500-300 million vehicles are expected to assume that the penetration rate of connected vehicles will be 15%, and the number of vehicles with networking capabilities will reach 40 million. Estimated by the price of hardware products of 1,000 yuan per vehicle, the hardware market alone has a scale of 40 billion yuan.
Autopilot is the highest stage of smart cars, and the continuous development of autonomous driving technology drives the growth of intelligent networked cars. Self-driving cars rely on artificial intelligence, visual computing, radar, surveillance devices and global positioning systems to work together, allowing computers to operate motor vehicles automatically and safely without any human active operation. Autonomous driving is an important development direction of intelligent networked vehicles, and it is the highest stage of intelligent vehicles. To achieve automatic driving, it must be carried out under the intelligent network system.
According to SAE standards, automatic driving is divided into six levels according to intelligence and automation: no automation (L0), driving support (L1), partial automation (L2), conditional automation (L3), and high automation (L4) And fully automated (L5). At present, most companies are in the early stage of L2/L3. It is expected that in 2020/2021, head manufacturers will take the lead in the higher stage of L4/L5.
2.2.1 ADAS rapid penetration promotes automatic driving and sings forward
ADAS is a prerequisite for automatic driving. Before the automatic driving was fully realized, many unmanned technologies were commercialized as assisted driving technology. ADAS is part of it. ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance System) is an active safety function integrated control system, through radar and other sensors. Collecting the surrounding environment data of the car, identifying and tracking the object, and controlling the system combined with the map data to make the driver aware of the possible dangers. If necessary, the vehicle can be directly controlled. In each stage of automatic driving, L0-L5 belongs to ADAS. In the popularization and promotion stage, the implementation of L3-L5 needs to be combined with vehicle networking technology. At present, the commercialization of L1 and L2 has been realized, and KPMG predicts that L3 and L4/L5 will be commercialized in 2019 and 2025 respectively.
The growth rate of the ADAS market is considerable. According to Goldman Sachs research statistics, the penetration rate of global ADAS is generally not high. In 2015, the penetration rate of Europe and the United States was only 8%-12%, but it was even lower in China. However, through the continuous refinement of terminal scene requirements, car companies and the Internet across borders. Active research and development of enterprises,The ADAS market will see rapid growth in recent years. Goldman Sachs predicts that the global market size of ADAS will reach 42% in 2015-2025. According to IHS, the domestic ADAAS market will exceed US$70 billion in 2020, and CAGR will exceed global growth. The market and global share will quickly expand.
ADAS infiltration The rate has risen and the market for autonomous driving has expanded. As the touchstone of autonomous driving technology, ADAS represents the early stage of autonomous driving. The increase of its penetration rate not only shows the improvement of the autopilot market, but also the update of the autopilot phase. It combines the future scenes with automation, safety and environmental protection. The demand for the autopilot car market will continue to grow. According to Allied Market Research research statistics,In 2019, the value of the global autonomous vehicle market will reach 54.23 billion US dollars, and will increase to 556.67 billion US dollars in 2026, with a compound growth rate of 39.47%.