5G network has a very promising future, and its high transmission rate, high bandwidth, low latency and other characteristics are also the focus of mobile phone brand manufacturers.
As the world's five fastest growing 5G technologies: China, the United States, Japan, and Korea, they have set an example in promoting the development of 5G mobile phones. In particular, their ever-launched mobile phone processors are very eye-catching in performance and power consumption, making people look forward to the huge changes brought about by 5G mobile phones.
1, Apple A12 and A13 processors
Although Apple's iPhone X sales fell short of expectations, but have to say that its A12 processor performance is strong. At the beginning of last year, Apple used the 7nm A12 processor in its new mobile phone, which excelled in performance, power consumption and cost. With the coming of the 5G era,Apple is also deploying 5G processors, and the A13 processor is Apple's first flagship 5G processor.
According to the insider of Apple, the A13 is still manufactured by TSMC, using a 7-nanometer EUV process, compared with the previous 10 nanometer process, 7 nanometers. The EUV process can reduce the chip area by half, but the energy consumption is increased by more than half. It is reported that the architecture of the Apple A13 and the previous A series processor architecture have changed, will adopt a new packaging process, the overall performance is improved, and the power consumption is also reduced compared to before. Apple's first 5G phone, the iPhone X Fold, is likely to use the A13 processor. In addition, the A13 processor may be the processor of the MacBook mobile notebook, and performance is worth looking forward to.
2, Huawei Kirin 980 and Kirin 985 processor
Huawei's Kirin 980 processor is also based on TSMC's 7nm process technology. Its performance is nearly 20% higher than that of the previous generation. The ARM Cortex-A76 core is unique in the same period. Like Apple's A13 processor, Huawei Unicorn The 985 processor is also manufactured by TSMC. It is also a 7-nanometer EUV process. It is still an ARM architecture. This processor supports 5G networks and consumes a lot more energy than similar processors.
It is reported that in the second half of 2019, Huawei's flagship Mate 30 series may be the first mobile phone equipped with the Kirin 985 processor.
3, Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 and Snapdragon 865
At the end of 2018, Qualcomm released a new mobile processing The device 骁 855, this performance is also at the forefront of the market, and the performance of the A12 processor can also match.It uses TSMC's 7nm process. The Snapdragon 855 is the world's first commercial 5G mobile platform. It performs well on GPUs, has smooth gameplay, and consumes relatively low power.
In response to the 5G processor of Friend, Qualcomm's upcoming flagship processor Snapdragon 865 processor is called the upgrade version of Snapdragon 855, before the network They will use Samsung's 7nm process, but it is still using TSMC's 7nm EUV process. In addition to performance and power consumption performance, on the support of 5G network, this processor integrates SDM555G modem, and is also constantly upgraded in memory support. According to reliable sources, the Snapdragon 865 will be released at the end of 2019, and the mobile phone will be released in early 2020.
4, Samsung Exynos 8895 and Exynos 9825 processor
Last November,Samsung released their Samsung Exynos 9820 flagship processor, which is different from Qualcomm, Apple and Huawei. It uses Samsung's 8nm process, which is different from TSMC's EUV process. Samsung's 10nm fin field effect transistor process is in energy consumption ratio. Better. According to the author, the fabrication method of the fin field effect transistor includes forming a source region and a drain region on the surface of the silicon substrate, forming an oxide layer on the surface of the silicon substrate, and planarizing the oxide layer. The manufacturing method can improve circuit control and reduce leakage current, shortening the gate length of the transistor, which is very helpful for reducing the size of the chip. In terms of CPU architecture, Samsung has two self-developed large cores and two Cortex A75 large cores and four A55 small cores with a total of eight cores. The performance is extremely strong.
Although at the time node, Samsung 5G processor development is slower, but Samsung will launch its first 7nm processor in the middle, this process The device is the Exynos 9825 processor. It is based on Samsung's EUV process. According to Samsung data,The 7nm LPP process can reduce the mask process by 20% and achieve a perfect balance between cost and energy consumption. According to Samsung, they will be equipped with the latest processor on the Samsung flagship Galaxy Note 10.
5, MediaTek Helio M70 chip
Although in recent years MediaTek lags behind the top processor manufacturers such as Qualcomm and Huawei in the performance of 4G mobile phone processors, but in the research and development of 5G processors, they can be said to spare no effort, invest heavily, and hold the determination of “backwaters”. In December 2018, MediaTek released the 5G multi-mode integrated baseband chip Helio M70 in Guangzhou. It is reported that this chip is also using TSMC 7nm technology, which not only supports 4G band network, but also fully supports 5G. Its advantage is that it has a significant reduction in power consumption compared to the same model, while simplifying the design and providing differentiated design solutions for mobile phone manufacturers.