The industrial Internet platform is on the rise in the world and is a key support for the new round of industrial revolution. In 2019, the "Government Work Report" proposed to build an industrial Internet platform, expand "smart +", and empower the transformation and transformation of the industry. At present, we are standing in the new historical position of economic and social development in the new era. We should profoundly understand the new requirements and new mission of in-depth integration of informationization and industrialization (hereinafter referred to as the "two transformations"), promote the development of industrial Internet platforms, and promote new industrial kinetic energy through innovation. The transformation and upgrading of traditional industries will achieve high quality development.
Deepen the understanding of industrial development during the transition period between old and new kinetic energy
current, new generation Information technology has brought profound changes to the industrial economy. China has entered a new stage of integration of the two industries, and should fully grasp the important development direction of "smart +", seize the development trend and opportunities of the industrial Internet platform, and promote the digital transformation of China's industry.
Convergence is the meeting point for the construction of a strong country and a network power. The transition from an industrial society to an information society is not only a systematic and comprehensive process of innovation, but also a long-term historical process of continuous evolution. China's mechanicalization, electrification, The phenomenon of automation and information coexistence is obvious. The deep integration of informationization and industrialization is the meeting point in the construction of manufacturing powers and network powers.
It should exert the superposition, aggregation and multiplication effects of integration development, and unswervingly promote the digitalization and networking of manufacturing. The development of intelligent direction and the transformation of the industrial economy into a digital-driven innovation system and development model. “Intelligence+” is the focus of the new stage of industrial development. Direction.The integration of the two technologies has broadened the route of industrial mechanization, electrification and automation, and the enabling industry has developed along the direction of digitalization, networking and intelligence.
In the digitization stage, the manufacturing infrastructure and the digitalization and software transformation of the manufacturing enterprise should be realized; the networkization stage should break the organization and value barriers of the enterprise, and realize the large-scale on-demand dynamic allocation of manufacturing resources; the most important part of the intelligentization stage is based on individualized needs. Deep mining and precise configuration of manufacturing resources. With the rapid development of information technology and its continuous penetration with the manufacturing industry, in the unit equipment, production lines, workshops, enterprises, industrial chains and other levels, intelligent manufacturing is going from point to point, from easy to difficult, in stages, points Steps to achieve innovative breakthroughs. "Smart +" is the product of the advanced stage of the integration of information technology and manufacturing, and is also an important direction of industrial development.
The industrial Internet platform is an effective way to stimulate new kinetic energy. The industrial Internet platform is guided by the innovation of the new generation of information technology, empowering traditional industries, and promoting the exploration of various new technologies, new products, new models, and new formats. The industrial Internet platform is the comprehensive connection of industrial all-factors, the whole industry chain and the full value chain, which drives the networked dynamic configuration of manufacturing resources of the whole society and accelerates the formation of data-driven innovation systems and development models.It is becoming a new focus of global manufacturing competition.
Compared with the traditional economic development model, based on the professional division of labor, the pursuit of economies of scale through the high investment of general production factors such as land, labor, capital, etc., the industrial Internet is based on the interconnection of people, machines and objects, and stimulates the elements of technology, management and data. Potential, improve the efficiency of social resource allocation, increase total factor productivity, shorten the R&D innovation cycle, and promote the transformation of large-scale production to mass customization.
Industrial Internet platform innovation stimulates new kinetic energy in industry
In the intersection of new and old kinetic energy conversion, A new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation have emerged. The industrial Internet platform is guided by innovation and driven by data to build an open-value ecology, which has caused profound changes in production methods and production relations, and has formed value sharing, innovative innovation, and nurturing new kinetic energy. The new value network. Innovation leads the way of new industrial production. The industrial Internet platform is the key support for the new round of industrial revolution and the new force for innovation and change.
On the one hand, the data relies on the platform to play a role in the industrial production process.Data is not only applied to the research and development phase of the research, but also can be applied to the actual production process through the application of the industrial Internet platform. Knowledge transfer from the main relying on the human brain to memory and human innovation combined with machine intelligence, the production mode based on empirical judgment gradually becomes the scientific mode of production based on data-assisted production. On the other hand, closed and independent labor has gradually turned into cooperation and coordinated labor. The data-driven industrial Internet platform has greatly increased the opportunities for industrial enterprises to cooperate inside and outside.
Various services have broken through the time and space boundaries of traditional manufacturing industries, greatly increasing labor. The complexity. Not only is physical labor gradually replaced by mental labor, the proportion of collaborative labor is gradually expanding, and new models of collaborative design, collaborative manufacturing, and collaborative innovation continue to emerge. The future industrial pattern is bound to be a complex system engineering. The closed labor within the organization that was originally fighting for itself will be gradually replaced by more extensive coordination, collaboration and coordinated labor. Change drives new industrial production relationships. Innovation leads the development direction of the industrial Internet platform.
On the one hand, the organizational form is gradually diversified. At present, the industrial Internet platform is pushing the boundaries of the organization to become blurred, and enterprises and groups are developing in the direction of platformization. foreseeable,The future production basic unit will use the platform as the main carrier, and attract more diversified entities to participate in social production under the mechanism of open sharing, providing a continuous source of innovation power for the development of the platform and forming a diversified production pattern. On the other hand, the production relationship shifts from strong to weak. The stability of the relationship between people is constantly weakened, and the uncertainty is constantly increasing. Under the empowerment of the industrial Internet platform, the capabilities of individuals and small and micro enterprises have been greatly enhanced.
People have changed from employment to cooperation. The dependence of workers on organizations has weakened, and autonomy has gradually expanded. Become the leader of labor and the driving force of innovation. The platform value network creates new kinetic energy. Driven by the changes in production methods and production relations, new models and new formats of industrial Internet platforms are emerging, forming a platform-based open value network to stimulate new industrial kinetic energy. The industrial Internet platform is driven by data and integrates social resources. The interaction and circulation of data promotes the transition from one-way value chain to value network, the new mode of integration of manufacturing industry and financial industry, the new format of consumers participating in manufacturing, and the new products created by small and micro enterprises using large platform resources, which have become the platform development.
Important direction,Promote the ability of all types of entities to create value and share value in a variety of ways. At the same time, the multiplication and superposition effects of open-value networks are slowly affecting the transition from long-term to short-cycle of industrial technology. Platform-based development and application promote each other and iterate with each other. The speed of technological innovation drives value iteration and accelerates the formation of new kinetic energy for industrial growth.
Practical and effective promotion of the development of the industrial Internet platform
The industrial Internet platform is gradually entering the practical stage, And with the active efforts of all parties, enter the fast lane. At present, we should be soberly aware that the role of the industrial Internet platform in the early stage of development has not been fully exerted on the new kinetic energy of the industry. We must also pay close attention to it and pragmatically and effectively promote the construction of the industrial Internet platform. Innovate application value and promote industrial enterprise application platform. The development of industrial Internet platform is a long-term iterative and evolving process. It not only needs to promote the construction of support platforms, but also needs to guide industrial enterprises to use platforms and platforms with application value.Promote the development of industrial Internet platform by application effectiveness.
The first is to improve the basic capacity of cloud-based transformation of manufacturing resources. Guide manufacturing companies and communication companies to strengthen cooperation, build open and compatible equipment communication standards, establish a hierarchical classification of industrial equipment data collection systems, achieve the underlying standardization of manufacturing resources, and promote the interconnection and seamless integration of manufacturing resources, data and services. The second is to study the implementation path of digital transformation based on the platform. The industry and sub-fields will be developed to map the business needs of industrial enterprises, as well as the tools and methods of platform platforms for industrial enterprises, and to scale the application of the platform with enterprise demand. The third is to encourage enterprises with basic, demanding and motivated to conduct business optimization and model innovation based on the platform, carry out typical case mining through multiple channels, sum up experience, and explore the formation of replicable and scalable theories and models. Strengthen interconnection and promote the construction of standards system.
China's industrial Internet platform lacks uniform standards in terms of business needs, architecture, functions, interfaces, applications, and interoperability, which restricts the orderly development and scale application of the platform, and it is imperative to strengthen the standard system. In the organization, a collaborative working mechanism should be established across departments and cross-standardized technical organizations.We will build a fusion of government-led and market-independent approaches to promote the standardization of industrial Internet platforms. In terms of standards, guidelines for the construction of industrial Internet comprehensive standardization should be formulated, the industrial Internet standard system should be defined, and the industrial Internet standardization roadmap should be formulated.
Organize research on integration standards such as reference architecture and management model of industrial Internet platform. In addition, it should also be based on enterprise application verification, sum up the development rules, carry out standard revision and revision, and accelerate the application of standard application through publicity training, consulting services, and evaluation of test. Promote cooperation and win-win, and create an open value ecosystem for the platform. Industrial Internet requires a high amount of sustained investment and long-term accumulation. The development of industrial Internet not only requires leading enterprises to lead, but also requires the cooperation of governments, enterprises, alliances, research institutes, etc., technology, industry, finance, etc. Field integration.
China has always adhered to the combination of "production, study and research", and strives to open up the industrial Internet development model of technological innovation, industrial development and financial service ecological chain. Further build a more dynamic ecosystem, promote the application of industrial Internet, and promote the interactive development of manufacturing and production services.Develop industry system solutions to foster and expand the production service industry. At the same time, promote the development of large and medium-sized enterprises, and support leading enterprises to promote the coordinated development of small and medium-sized enterprises in the industrial chain based on the platform. Improve the support ability and build a secure collaborative protection system.
The open, interconnected, and cross-domain characteristics of the industrial Internet have broken the relatively clear boundaries of responsibility in the past and brought more diverse and complex information security challenges. First, it is necessary to establish a security concept of simultaneous development of security and development, correctly handle the relationship between the security and development of the industrial Internet platform, to promote security and promote development with security. Second, it is necessary to strengthen government supervision and guidance, improve the platform security policy system and standard guidelines, improve the security assurance mechanism, and build a coverage platform full life cycle security protection capabilities. The third is to implement the responsibility of corporate security, propose management and technical requirements such as safety assessment and certification, and promote enterprises to implement protective measures. Fourth, we must improve our security protection capabilities, actively develop third-party platform security service capabilities, provide security services to enterprises, and promote the healthy development of the platform.