From May 8th to 10th, the 6th China with the theme of "Machine Intelligence, Empowerment" The Robot Summit and Intelligent Economic Talent Summit was held in Yuyao, Ningbo, Zhejiang.
Will service robots have a new wave in 2019? What are the advantages and problems of the rapid development of medical robots? Let's take a look at the Southern Metropolis Daily's cold thinking under the robot boom.
The service robot has a promising future, but it is still full of challenges
On May 9, the 6th China Robotics Summit opened in Yuyao, Ningbo, Zhejiang. Serving robots has become one of the hot topics in the summit. At present, there are many types of service robots in China, such as shopping guide robots and early education. Robots, logistics robots, etc. At the China Robotics Summit, many guests said that the application of service robots has broad prospects, but the problems of immature technology and uncertain application scenarios have also brought challenges to the development of the industry.
The International Robot Alliance predicts that there will be a new wave of service robots in 2019. For example, in the case of personal and home robots, global sales in 2015 were $2.2 billion; 2016-2019 During the year, sales are expected to total $22 billion.
International Robotics Statistics and Forecasts for Global Personal/Home Robots" Sales.
"The service robot has developed over 20 years, and the truly successful product form is still relatively simple." Professor Chen Weidong of Shanghai Jiaotong University said that the service robot is facing work. The environment is more variable than industrial robots, and there is a very high demand for artificial intelligence technology. Finding the right application scenario is the prerequisite for the healthy development of service robots.
Jia Zhan, vice president of Shenzhen Yongyida Robot, pointed out that the scenes faced by service robots are more related to people, so they must become universal artificial intelligence. It is not AlphaGo that only special artificial intelligence for Go. The current technology, there is no way to meet the needs of consumers well.
Beijing software robot CEO Gao Shaolong believes that to achieve the degree of "symbiosis" between service robots and humans, two technologies need to be broken, namely, sensing technology and structural technology. . The former helps the robot to perceive the surrounding environment, while the latter helps the robot to better integrate with humans.
"There is a company that develops old-age robots, which is to let the robots chat with the elderly and remind the elderly to take medicine. One is priced at 200,000 yuan. The elderly can accept (so expensive) )? Some experts bluntly say that what functions are needed for home robots, and companies are still exploring. At this stage, we must guard against the manufacture of “pseudo-demand” products.Service robots must not only be self-contained, but also be friendly, secure, and intelligent. Products must be deeply integrated with artificial intelligence technology to meet real-world needs.
Multiple Mechanical exoskeleton products at the summit
Of the more than 80 exhibitors at the Sixth China Robotics Summit, three have brought mechanical exoskeleton products that have been clinically tested. It is worth noting that in addition to supporting patient walking, the mechanical exoskeleton also records patient motion data, including stride frequency, stride, joint flexion and extension. The artificial intelligence algorithm will assist the attending physician in analyzing the data to provide a better recovery plan for the patient.
The 6th China Robot Summit Mechanical exoskeleton products
Before the official launch, these mechanical exoskeleton products must also be certified by the State Food and Drug Administration for Class II medical devices. The exhibitors of the company are optimistic about the prospects. Some people estimate that they can go on sale next year. The prices offered by different companies range from RMB 100,000 to RMB 1 million.
Net Red Surgery Robots Thousands of U.S. Dollars
The main mechanical exoskeleton for rehabilitation purposes,It is just one of the many development directions of medical robots. In fact, some products have been widely used in the medical industry, such as the Da Vinci surgical robots frequently mentioned at the summit.
The advantage of surgical robots is minimally invasive and precise. The robotic arm enters the patient's body with an endoscope and surgical forceps, and the doctor remotely observes and manipulates it through the console. The robot arm synchronizes the doctor's hand movements with high precision, and the doctor gets the corresponding tactile feedback at the console end.
On the second day of the summit, the medical rehabilitation robot sub-forum, an orthopaedic surgeon from Beijing 301 Hospital, used "magic" to describe the first use of Da Vinci Feeling. It was a female patient who underwent surgery because the pelvic fracture caused the nerve to be oppressed and had been unable to sleep for two years. Traditional pelvic reduction and neurolysis surgery are difficult to implement, and doctors have recommended Da Vinci after a long time of thinking. The operation is very good.
2000,The Da Vinci surgical robot has been certified by the US Food and Drug Administration and is now a well-deserved net of the medical community. A group of reference data is that at the end of 2017, the global installed capacity was 4,409 units, and 877,000 cases of various types of surgery were completed, with an annual net profit of 660 million US dollars.
Is the medical robot reliable?
"Surgical robot From the laboratory to the clinic, and solved some problems that could not be solved before," said Yang Guangzhong, a member of the summit and a member of the Royal Academy of Engineering. In his view, there is still much room for development in surgical robots in early detection, early diagnosis, early treatment, and more precise surgical procedures.
The rapid development of medical robots has undoubtedly brought more hope to human health. However, given the complexity of the application scenario and the “human life”, many scientists believe that the development of medical robots requires special care.
"Does surgery need not be fully automated? Will medical robots replace surgeons? In fact, not only technical considerations, but also ethics, law, safety I think this is a very important issue for organizations that are researching or deploying medical robots," said Yang Guangzhong.