Abandoning "closed doors", robotics companies and system integrators can truly solve the pain points of terminal enterprises.
I believe you must understand this truth: the solution that can directly hit customers' pain points is not the passive water, it is built on long-term understanding, in-depth Above communication, before that, you must know what it needs, and the terminal enterprise is not just a device.
As Shen Hongwei, senior manager of Changhong Electronic Engineering Department, called at the system integrator meeting held by Gaogong Robot: The TV industry and other industries are different, requiring integrators to conduct more systematic and in-depth research, including people and equipment. As well as raw materials, environment, etc., as Deng Bohe, general manager of the Intelligent Engineering Department of Konka Group said: "The solution of pain points is based on in-depth communication. Even with more detailed requirements, Deng Bohe believes that what Konka needs is not a turnkey solution, but what kind of problems are faced in the changes in product supply and materials. What automation solutions are there after these problems arise?
They have been emphasizing the characteristics of the industry and the characteristics of the process. Deng Bohe said that compared with other industries, the pain points of the TV industry are very different. We need to really Engineers who have worked in, contacted, researched or worked with this product for a year or two in this industry can only be in the process of technical communication and demand mining.
The special nature of the use environment,Wu Dehe, director of equipment of Wuzhu Technology Group, said: The industry environment they are engaged in is not very good, there are acid and alkali gases, and the harsh environment will cause different failures of the robots. Therefore, the IP rating of the robot is relatively high and stable. Sexual and continuous workability is further improved, but the speed requirements are not as high.
You will find that different industries, different processes, and different environments of use have different requirements for robotics and system integration. What kind of robots and integrators are needed in each sub-sector, and where can they be automated? There is a demand guide for reference.
Lithium Power Industry
The most used robots in the lithium battery industry today are linear module robots and SCARA Robots are mainly used for handling and changing work in the production line.
Power Battery products are relatively simple, but six-axis robots can be used for handling and packing at the rear end of the production line; at the front and rear ends of some equipment, six-axis or four-axis robots can be used for products. In the PACK module assembly line, the heavy-load six-axis robot performs module assembly work in the production line, and the arm length is relatively long. In some equipment enterprises, it is also used. The AGV robot carries on the work.
At present, the application of robots in the automated production line of PACK modules is mainly for handling, assembly, palletizing, loading and unloading. Therefore, the accuracy requirements of the robot are not very high, but because the lithium battery production pays special attention to safety, the stability and safety of the robot are very high. In this case, the equipment manufacturer wants the robot enterprise. Can provide a dedicated robot.
Zhande Automation Mechanical manager Xu Wanfeng said that because the product is not shaped, there are square, soft bag, cylinder Wait, there are many types,Production lines face product compatibility issues, and automated production has certain difficulties. The diversity of lithium battery products has high requirements for line compatibility and tempo, which is a challenge for system integrators.
Wu Guang, general manager of Aotewei Intelligent Equipment, summarized the pain points of the lithium battery PACK industry at this stage: the product series is different, not interchangeable; product design is not fixed The maturity is not high, the high-impact equipment plays its role; the product supply route changes greatly; the product output is limited, which affects the automation equipment on the production line.
Liansheng Laser Director and Deputy General Manager Niu Zeng said that Lianhe Laser pays more attention to the speed of the robot and the high speed It can guarantee the inertia of the robot, which is also a common problem reflected by other lithium battery companies. He also pointed out that if the quality can be guaranteed and the customer does not specify the brand, the company will be more willing to use the domestic robot because the price of the domestic robot has an advantage.
Yu Chen Automation Marketing Manager Liu Yangdong pointed out that it is hoped that the robot enterprise can provide the simulation effect in the early evaluation stage, so that the effect that the robot can achieve is clearly known. At present, the domestic robot enterprise is in this piece. In addition, Yuchen's application to robots pays more attention to the anti-collision mechanism of robots. It is hoped that the anti-collision reaction will be faster and avoid secondary damage to humans or machines. Therefore, the perfect cooperation between robots and vision is particularly important.
Home Appliance Industry
Manual process segments in the home appliance industry, stamping, sheet metal, The automation of the packaging is less difficult (except for some special process requirements), most of the enterprises have been automated, and the assembly section is the most difficult.
Assembly The main reason for the difficulty in retrofitting the segment is that the product model is too complicated and the size difference is large. This is especially obvious in the field of small household appliances. For example, Kangbao Electric, which mainly produces disinfection cabinets,The size of the product ranges from 30 to 40 centimeters to one hundred and two centimeters, and the difference is huge. It is difficult to automate the assembly section. There is currently no good solution.
The vast majority of companies in the home appliance industry are not automating in the warehouse segment and have high demand. More than 80% of terminal companies mentioned that they hope to complete the automated transformation of the warehousing section. Li Xianyong, Minister of Engineering and Technology of Wanjiale, said that he will invest 220 million yuan to build MES production and manufacturing systems and fully automatic warehouses. However, home appliance enterprises want to realize the transformation of the storage section. There are two major problems: the AGV vertically crosses the floor; the old factory space is not reserved.
The product renewal cycle of the 3C industry is accelerating, and the process is changing The update and optimization, for the robot manufacturers, it is difficult to enter the 3C industry without understanding the process.
For the letter technology director Huang Liang believes that the 3C industry needs to assemble more sophisticated products, and there are various non-standard or flexible materials, general robots Such automated equipment is currently not complete. At present, the accuracy of the automation equipment is not enough, which directly affects the production efficiency, reduces the product yield, and increases the cost. For example, in the welding section, facing the cycloid of the speaker, earpiece, etc., the automatic equipment is often misplaced during soldering, and workers need to review it; the assembly robot of the box station often damages the screen of the mobile phone due to poor control of the strength.
Welcome to Communication Director Ye Weiliang, the assembly and packaging line is a labor-intensive area, with 33-45 employees per assembly line and 25 employees per packaging line. People, the automation rate is low, and there is basically no automation equipment. “The automation of the entire line from assembly to packaging is also what we hope to advance. The requirement is to reduce labor as much as possible, and it is best to reduce the number of people to 100.”
3C industry automation transformation involves process improvement at the product design end. The idea is to consider the possibility of subsequent automated production and assembly from the beginning of product design. Innovative innovations in materials, processes, processes, etc.
The great pressure of the photovoltaic industry comes from the cost. Generally, new technologies and new processes drive equipment investment. Because of this, the photovoltaic industry has a big feature. It has no internal or external orientation for the brand, and the acceptance of domestic robots is better. In addition, the production process of the photovoltaic industry is relatively uniform, and there is little difference between large manufacturers and small manufacturers. Robots and system integrators can have mature paths in these areas.
Overall, the current industrial robots used in the photovoltaic industry production line are not many, mainly concentrated in the string, flower basket and other links,The rest is basically done with a variety of automated equipment.
In the process of photovoltaic production, especially in the production of components, from front-end loading to placement to basketing, mainly based on Scara, AGV The current application in the field of photovoltaics in the two major areas of vision can be said to belong to an earlier stage.
The current difficulties are in the framework of WMS, MES and other software systems. In actual production, many manufacturers will have various equipment control systems. One problem, this makes the database complex and difficult to retrieve.
Zhang Jingsheng, technical director of Yijing Optoelectronics, said that there is a potential demand for MES architecture, but the cost of communicating with suppliers is too high, and has not yet found a true demand. Manufacturers, for equipment manufacturers who do not have an in-depth understanding of the billion crystal process, need more communication costs.
At present, the most manual operation in the photovoltaic industry is in the transportation and testing of materials. Wu Shaoshuai, director of integrated equipment of GCL, said: "The inspection process requires more than 20 people, from EL testing, lamination to IV. It takes 6 people to test a line. At present, there are 66 people in 11 lines. I hope to import the device for effective replacement.
Shenzhen, Director of Shanghai Aerospace Electromechanical Products, said: "The environment in which the battery is produced is more complex than components, such as high and low temperatures, different purification levels, and single-piece sorting." The difficulty lies in the connection between the links, which may be an opportunity for AGV applications. However, because there are fewer mature cases and equipment investment, companies are not willing to rush to automate the transformation.
Auto Parts Industry
There are a wide variety of auto parts, and few manufacturers can do it all; in addition, the change from fuel trucks to new energy vehicles has brought survival to many auto parts companies. pressure,The trend of automobile four-way has become more and more prominent in the promotion of this industry, and the improvement of efficiency has forced the improvement of enterprises in the production line.
From the perspective of the amount of robots, the amount of robots used in the whole vehicle should be about four times that of the auto parts industry every year. Therefore, the space for robot application in auto parts is still very large, but because of the wide variety and complicated process involved, it is very demanding for integrators.
At present, the production process of automotive parts has reached a high level, and the future research on the process will not be limited to quantification, but will be more optimized for process details. In addition, with the gradual emergence of the trend of product development, companies in the industry have more status as automakers providing trim assembly products.
In order to further optimize the production process and improve production efficiency, the company needs to continuously conduct research on equipment, molds, materials and processes, and to process the front and back of the injection process. Convergence to achieve process integration development,Thereby, it is beneficial to improve the efficiency of production of automobile parts and reduce production costs. At the same time, through process integration, human intervention in the production process will be reduced, thereby effectively improving product precision and reducing production safety accidents.
Southern Bearing General Manager Jiang Zongcheng said that since 2014, robots have been introduced for broaching and loading and unloading, because the beat is slower and can basically meet the requirements. The current core pain point is assembly and testing. It is hoped that online testing can be realized. At present, it is post-product inspection, manual detection, low efficiency and waste. It is hoped to realize online real-time detection through pre-detection, including appearance and performance. Detection.
Xie Xiaowei, the manager of Longcheng Precision Forging Market, showed great interest in Vision and AGV. He said that it is necessary to detect and capture online in the automatic import. Take, and these are mainly manual operations, there are many problems, machine vision the main consideration is still beat and precision, after which it is also hoped to complete the automation transformation of the handling. But the forging temperature is higher,The heat-resistant layer treatment of the AGV is required, and the entire load is required after the insulation layer is added.
Dai Guobo, chairman of Hengxin Zhenghong, said: "The current industry is highly volatile, mainly considering the cost of automation equipment, so it will pay more attention to the production. Out."
LED package was It is considered to be the most used part of robots. It is reported that in the design of unmanned factories, an LED packaging production line needs about 40 SCARA robots.
Similar to 3C and the electronics industry, currently in the LED industry, robots are mainly used in some aspects of handling and process connection. Zhou Shihua, the marketing manager of Hyun Shuo Zhizhi, said that the LED packaging factory has built a smart factory and needs some system manipulators, mainly for the connection between handling and process.
In addition to handling and process connection, Ridingxin general manager Tang Qiongshan said that the scope of application of the robot in the LED industry is now very wide, such as welding< /u>, there are some mechanical die casting machines and injection molding machines, which are very convenient to be gripped by a robot. "If this station can be replaced by a robot, the starting point and trend of our industry is to use robots instead." Tang Qiongshan further said.
In the LED packaging, because the weight of the product is not very heavy, the load requirements for the arm are not too high, and the arm length is not too long. The mechanical arm, but in the sorting, because the chip is small in size, there is still a certain requirement for the accuracy of the arm.
In addition to sorting, the LED industry has certain requirements for loading and unloading robots. It used to be a conveyor belt, but the conveyor belt has certain limitations. Not flexible enough,Therefore, if you can replace it with a robot, it will be the best choice, but it requires the robot to move around flexibly. At present, the solution that the company thinks is feasible is to use the AGV to carry the robot arm to load and unload. The flexibility and speed are more concerned by the enterprise.
It is worth mentioning that LED lighting is a large market, but the profit is low. For LED lighting companies, the production line The cost control is particularly important, so in the use of robots, domestic robot companies with price advantages will have more advantages.