Industry 4.0 Research Institute has been tracking the progress of German Industry 4.0. In the 2013 Report on the Implementation of Future Projects for Industry 4.0, Germany explicitly proposed the Information Physics System (CPS). , Cyber-Physical Systems) is the underlying technology of Industry 4.0, creating an intelligent and networked future world.
We review the history of the information physics system, the National Science Foundation of 2006 (NSF, National Science Foundation) The concept of information physics system was first proposed, and it is hoped that the relevant research questions will be solved in the next 10-20 years. This is actually creating a new discipline.
In fact, the National Science Foundation has done it.
In 2016, the 21st Century CPS Education Committee of the United States released the "American Information Physics System Education Planning Report", which ended the exploration and research for 10 years. In 2012, the German National Academy of Science and Engineering released the German Information Physics. Systematic Comprehensive Research Report, what happened during the period is very worth exploring.
Berkeley Ptolemy Project Concept Map (Concept Map)
At the beginning of the establishment of the Industry 4.0 Research Institute in 2013, the primary task was to learn the German Industry 4.0 related system.The focus is on the study of information physics systems – after all, this is the technical basis of German Industry 4.0.
In order to gain a deeper understanding of the value of information physics systems, Industry 4.0 Research Institute conducts research through Berkeley's Ptolemy open source project, through more than two years of research and development practices, Finally, the knowledge and engineering system for information physics systems has been established (all relevant reports can be found on the Industry 4.0 innovation platform), and the specific engineering applications of Industry 4.0 can be further deepened.
But we quickly discovered a problem, that is, the engineering application of information physics system is too complicated, and it is difficult for ordinary engineers to manufacture in real intelligence. Application of information physical system methods in the scene. We began to observe how German Industry 4.0 solves this problem. On the Industry 4.0 Innovation Platform, the case library translated a large number of German cases, some of which were German information physics system practices, some of which did achieve results, but most of the manufacturing scenarios did not have information physical system solutions.
In short, the cases of German information physics system practice are mostly transformed from embedded systems, and some more complex industrial scenarios require information. Such advanced concepts of physical systems. This is the same reason that some domestic suppliers have played the information physics system.
CPS Engineering Architecture proposed by NIST under the US Department of Commerce
In 2016, Industry 4.0 Research Institute quickly closed the CPS Research Center, which was established several years ago.However, the tracking and research on CPS has not stopped. According to the new digital path of the US information technology and manufacturing industry, the Industry 4.0 Research Institute began to study Digital Twin and Digital Thread, namely digital. Engineering (Digital Engineering).
At the same time, the Industry 4.0 Institute found that the National Science Foundation’s support for information physics systems has been decreasing and has appeared in the official documents of the invitations. "There is not much innovation that can be done" and so on. Although NIST, a subordinate of the US Department of Commerce, continues to work on information physics systems, it is only to solidify its research results and strive to seize the global standard of discourse in the field of complex systems.
After three years or so, Germany seems to have found the difficulty of engineering physical system engineering application. In the 2015 Industry 4.0 related report, it has rarely appeared. Information physics system, etc.It is only limited to the academic institutions of the German Academy of Science and Engineering and Fraunhofer, and the methods mentioned are mainly descriptive, lacking engineering details, let alone the replicable requirements of general purpose technology. Sex.
According to the officially released report of the German Industry 4.0 platform (Plattform Industrie 4.0), since it mainly publishes some reports with several major associations, some reports may mention And to the information physics system, as well as digital systems and other content. As early as 2016, the German Industry 4.0 platform began to implement its Industry 4.0 vision around the management shell (Verwaltungsschale, German).
German Industry 4.0 Platform Official Document Introducing Digital Hybrids
For a long time, many German experts still described it in the information physics system when introducing the management shell. This situation continued until March 2019.
Industry 4.0 Research Institute German working group members found that German Industry 4.0 has always been ashamed to talk about the digital industrialization of the Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC), which began to appear in the German Industry 4.0 related report. In the "Industry 4.0 Management Shell Detailed" released on March 19, 2019 (note that the 2018 version does not have digital biosynthesis content), the German Industry 4.0 platform began to describe the realization that the management shell is a digital twin.
European Horizon Research Support Project Twin-Control
This shows that Germany is It is difficult to continue to realize that the information physics system lacks continuous research in the US scientific research community. It has been several years since it began to recognize the value of American digital digital hygiene.
Industry 4.0 Research Institute Germany Working Group revealed that in 2017,Siemens US companies have already participated in many digital health projects in the US Industrial Internet Alliance and the Department of Defense, and brought these experiences back to Germany.
At the Hannover Fair in 2017, Siemens began to introduce digital twin solutions; by the Hannover Fair in 2018, Siemens could already Proposed a series of digital twin solutions; of course, by the time of the Hannover Fair in 2019, Siemens could already use equipment, machine tools, data acquisition, cloud platforms (MindSphere) and other layers propose a comprehensive digital twin solution.
Another situation deserves attention. At present, the German Industry 4.0 platform has established a digital twin-related docking special group with the American Industrial Internet Alliance. Industry 4.0 transforms the power of digital hygiene.
Of course,The Openii Consortium, initiated by the Industry 4.0 Research Institute, uses digital microbes as its underlying technology to build systems.
In fact, even German publishers have begun to compete with American publishers in digital hygiene publications. Springer Germany competes with Elsevier in the United States. Raised to the author of the book "Digital Price", the author of the book, is attempting to take the lead in the new publishing opportunities for digital hygiene.