The is a dual, precision monostable multivibrator with independent trigger and reset controls. The device is retriggerable and resettable, and the control inputs are internally latched. Two trigger inputs are provided to allow either rising or falling edge triggering. The reset inputs are active LOW and prevent triggering while active. Precise control of output pulse-width has been achieved using linear CMOS techniques. The pulse duration and accuracy are determined by external components RX and CX. The device does not allow the timing capacitor to discharge through the timing pin on power-down condition. For this reason, no external protection resistor is required in series with the timing pin. Input protection from static discharge is provided on all pins.Features
s Wide supply voltage range: 15V s High noise immunity: 0.45 VCC (typ.) s Low power TTL compatibility: Fan out of 2 driving or 1 driving 74LS s New formula: PWOUT = RC (PW in seconds, R in Ohms, C in Farads) s �1.0% pulse-width variation from part to part (typ.) s Wide pulse-width range: to s Separate latched reset inputs s Symmetrical output sink and source capability s Low standby current: 5 nA (typ.) @ 5 VDC s Pin compatible to CD4528BC
Order Number CD4538BCWM CD4538BCN Package Number M16B N16E Package Description 16-Lead Small Outline Integrated Circuit (SOIC), JEDEC MS-012, 0.150" Narrow 16-Lead Small Outline Intergrated Circuit (SOIC), JEDEC MS-013, 0.300" Wide 16-Lead Plastic Dual-In-Line Package (PDIP), JEDEC MS-001, 0.300" Wide
Devices also available in Tape and Reel. Specify by appending the suffix letter "X" to the ordering code.
H = HIGH Level L = LOW Level = Transition from LOW-to-HIGH = Transition from HIGH-to-LOW = One HIGH Level Pulse = One LOW Level Pulse X = Irrelevant
The block diagram of the CD4538BC is shown in Figure 1, with circuit operation following. As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, before an input trigger occurs, the monostable is in the quiescent state with the Q output low, and the timing capacitor CX completely charged to VDD. When the trigger input A goes from VSS to VDD (while inputs B and CD are held to VDD) a valid trigger is recognized, which turns on comparator C1 and N-Channel transistor N1(1). At the same time the output latch is set. With transistor N1 on, the capacitor CX rapidly discharges toward VSS until VREF1 is reached. At this point the output of comparator C1 changes state and transistor N1 turns off. Comparator C1 then turns off while at the same time comparator C2 turns on. With transistor N1 off, the capacitor CX begins to charge through the timing resistor, RX, toward VDD. When the voltage across CX equals VREF2, comparator C2 changes state causing the output latch to reset (Q goes low) while at the same time disabling comparator C2. This ends the timing cycle with the monostable in the quiescent state, waiting for the next trigger. A valid trigger is also recognized when trigger input B goes from VDD to VSS (while input is at VSS and input VDD)(2). It should be noted that in the quiescent state CX is fully charged to VDD , causing the current through resistor to be zero. Both comparators are "off" with the total device current due only to reverse junction leakages. An added feature of the CD4538BC is that the output latch is set via the input trigger without regard to the capacitor voltage. Thus, propagation delay from trigger Q is independent of the value of CX, RX, or the duty cycle of the input waveform.
The CD4538BC is retriggered if a valid trigger occurs(3) followed by another valid trigger(4) before the Q output has returned to the quiescent (zero) state. Any retrigger, after the timing node voltage at pin or 14 has begun to rise from VREF1, but has not yet reached VREF2, will cause an increase in output pulse width T. When a valid retrigger is initiated(4), the voltage at T2 will again drop to VREF1 before progressing along the RC charging curve toward VDD. The Q output will remain high until time T, after the last valid retrigger.
The CD4538BC may be reset during the generation of the output pulse. In the reset mode of operation, an input pulse on CD sets the reset latch and causes the capacitor to be fast charged to VDD by turning on transistor Q1(5). When the voltage on the capacitor reaches VREF2, the reset latch will clear and then be ready to accept another pulse. If the CD input is held low, any trigger inputs that occur will be inhibited and the Q and Q outputs of the output latch will not change. Since the Q output is reset when an input low level is detected on the CD input, the output pulse T can be made significantly shorter than the minimum pulse width specification.